If a person suffers physical or mental injuries due to the negligence of another person or a corporation then he can sue the offending party for a personal injury law suit. Personal injury in the legal sense denotes injury to the body as opposed to injury to property.
One of the most famous examples of a personal injury law suit is the case of McDonald’s Coffee in the 90s. An Old woman had received third degree burns by spilling the McDonalds Coffee on herself, so she sued the company for a personal injury. Later it was proved that it was McDonald’s negligence for the most part that led to the women’s injury, and so she had received $200,000 in compensatory damages for her medical expenses and loss of income.
Personal Injury Law exist to redeem the defendant for the losses that he may have suffered due to the negligent behavior of another. In the example above, the women was redeemed for her medical expenses, and loss of income that arose due to the negligence of McDonald.